MAJOR KEYS AND RELATIVE MINORS
Relative keys are any major scale and natural minor scale that share a key signature. The third note of the minor scale is the first note of the relative major with the same key signature. For example, C is the third scale note of A minor. C major and A minor are relative keys sharing a key signature with no flats or sharps. The relativity makes the minor and the major scales have the same number of key signature (the same numbers of sharps and flats). For Ex. From the charts we can see that Ab major and its relative minor key F have four numbers of flats.
NATURAL MINOR SCALE( A MINOR)
A B C D E F G A
TONIC SOLFA: d r re f s se taw d
NUMBER SCALE: 1 2 3b 4 5 6b 7b 8
C MAJOR SCALE
C D E F G A B C
TONIC SOLFA: d r m f s l t d
NUMBER SCALE: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
A relative minor scale starts with the sixth degree in the number scale of a major note while a relative major scale note start with the third degree in the number scale of a minor note.
There are several ways we can locate the relativity of each keys with the minor.
TO LOCATE A MINOR KEY:
1. COUNT SIX LETTERS NAME TO FIND THE RELATIVE MINOR.
EX. As we can see from our C-major scale we the sixth letters (tonic sol-fa, number scale degree) is A
2. IDENTIFY HOW MANY SHARPS/FLATS
3. AND PRACTISE ON THE KEYBOARD
The relative minor is best understand with the circle of fifths and fourths (COFS)
C – F – Bb – Eb – Ab – Db(C#) - Gb(F#) – B – E – A – D- G – C (IN CIRCLE OF FOURTHS)
C - G – D - A – E – B - Gb(F#) – Db(C#) – Ab – Eb – Bb – F – C (IN CIRCLE OF FIFTHS)